133 Results for search "Infant / Child Care".
Health News Results - 133
Skin-to-skin contact between parents and babies -- often called "kangaroo care" -- provides major benefits to preemies' hearts and brains, Australian researchers say.
They assessed 40 babies born about 10 weeks early with an average weight of 2.9 pounds. Normal birth weight is 6.6 pounds.
One hour a day of kangaroo care significantly improved blood flow to the newborns' brai...
A Canadian newborn is a "probable" case of infection with the new coronavirus while still in the womb, doctors report.
Other such cases have been suspected and reported in prior studies. But the mother's active case of COVID-19, along with the fact that the baby boy was delivered via C-section, add weight to the notion that maternal-fetal transmission of the SARS-CoV-2 virus can occur...
Babies who have disrupted sleep, as many with autism do, may experience delayed brain development, a new study suggests.
Sleep problems in baby's first year may affect growth of the hippocampus and may also precede an autism diagnosis, researchers say.
In the study of 400 6- to 12-month-old infants, the investigators found that those diagnosed with autism were more likely ...
Breastfeeding is good for more than babies: New research suggests it may protect new mothers from developing diabetes for years after they give birth.
The study included 85 women who breastfed and 99 who did not. They were assessed two months after giving birth and each year after that for at least three years.
Compared to those who didn't breastfeed, mothers who breastfed h...
New mothers have long been told that breast milk is best for their baby, and now there's more evidence that breastfeeding helps protect babies against potentially harmful viruses.
With the coronavirus pandemic on everyone's mind, the new research is especially timely. However, the report did not look specifically at the virus that causes COVID-19.
For the study, the investi...
Newborns with COVID-19 may get by with only mild infection symptoms, a small, new study suggests.
Researchers at Wuhan University in China identified four newborns with the COVID-19 coronavirus. All were born to mothers with COVID-19 and delivered by cesarean section. Three were separated from their mothers at birth.
None of the babies developed serious symptoms or required ...
All hugs are not created equal -- and babies as young as 4 months are proof.
Heart rates in infants less than a year old slowed more during a hug than a hold. And the hug had a greater effect when it came from Mom or Dad rather than from a stranger, according to a study published April 7 in the journal iScience.
The findings offer some of the first proof that hugs hel...
Mirroring findings from a similar study in China, the first comprehensive tally of coronavirus infection in American children shows it's much less likely to cause severe illness.
Children under the age of 18 are far less likely to even be diagnosed with COVID-19 than adults. Although people under the age of 18 make up 22% of the U.S. population, they made up just 1.7% of cases...
Could letting your baby cry it out mean less crying later?
A new British study suggests that's the case.
Researchers from the University of Warwick investigated the issue: They followed 178 infants and their moms over 18 months, assessing how soon and how often moms intervened when their babies cried.
The result? Babies that were left to cry it out a few times had ...
Infants can become infected with the new coronavirus, but their bouts with COVID-19 appear to be milder than those of older folks and people with chronic health problems, experts say.
Doctors in China tracked nine babies infected with coronavirus that they apparently picked up from a sick family member, and none of the infants fell deathly ill, according to a report published online r...
A new Chinese study of coronavirus infection in kids could bring comfort to American parents -- and highlight the wisdom of at least temporarily closing schools.
That's because the study, published March 13 in Nature Medicine, found that even though children typically only exhibit mild symptoms if infected, they can shed the coronavirus long after symptoms disappear.
The argument against paid maternity leave in the United States often focuses on the cost, but a new study suggests that more paid leave would not only be beneficial for families, but also for society.
In the study, researchers found that new parents with paid medical leave of 12 weeks or more were more likely to be in better mental and physical shape than those who received less paid ...
Premature infants' immune systems develop at a rate similar to full-term infants, a new study finds.
British researchers tracked immune system development in babies born before 32 weeks, including identifying different immune cell populations and the types of bacteria present in stool samples.
All of the preemies' immune systems progressed similarly as they got older, regard...
Infants with chronic serious sleep problems may be at increased risk for anxiety and emotional disorders later in childhood, according to a new study from Australia.
"Persistent disturbed sleep during infancy may be an early indicator of a child's heightened susceptibility to later mental health difficulties -- in particular, anxiety problems," said researcher Fallon Cook and colleagu...
A key to your baby's asthma risk may be as close as your laundry room.
Canadian research shows that an infant's exposure to household cleaning products in the first few months of life is tied to heightened odds for asthma by age 3.
Babies may be especially vulnerable because they "typically spend 80% to 90% of their time indoors, and are especially vulnerable to chem...
- Robert Preidt
- February 18, 2020
- Full Page
There's some good news about the new coronavirus: Preliminary research suggests that the virus cannot be transmitted from an infected pregnant woman to the fetus.
The researchers stressed that the study population was small -- just nine pregnant women -- and a number of other factors mean questions linger when it comes to maternal-fetal transmission.
For the study, the rese...
- Robert Preidt
- February 12, 2020
- Full Page
Schools may strive to teach kids that sharing is caring, but a new study suggests that altruism begins in infancy and can be influenced by others.
It's been unclear when people start to display altruism, which can include sharing resources such as food with others in need.
"We think altruism is important to study because it is one of the most distinctive aspects of being hum...
Taking higher doses of vitamin D during pregnancy doesn't appear to offer any protection against asthma in children, a new study finds.
The study, a follow-up to one done three years ago, looked at 6-year-old children whose mothers had taken extra vitamin D while they were pregnant. The hope was that taking extra vitamin D when the baby's lungs are developing during pregnancy might p...
Teaching parents how to talk to their babies could help boost their children's language development, researchers say.
The University of Washington study didn't look at so-called baby talk, which typically consists of silly sounds and nonsense words.
Instead, the researchers focused on what's called parentese. This is proper speech with elongated vowels and exaggerated tones ...
Protections may be in place for employees who breastfeed, but the onus is on working moms to seek out the resources they need, according to a University of Georgia survey.
"We know that there are benefits of breastfeeding for both the mother and the infant, and we know that returning to work is a significant challenge for breastfeeding continuation," said lead author Rachel McCardel, ...
Mothers who smoke during pregnancy put their infants at increased risk of fractures in their first year of life, researchers warn.
The study looked at more than 1.6 million people who were born in Sweden between 1983 and 2000, and followed for an average of 21 years.
Over that time, nearly 378,000 fractures were recorded. But the rate among those whose moms smoked during pre...
Little Johnny's cough has lasted for days, leaving Mom and Dad wondering if the symptoms warrant a trip to the doctor. A new study suggests that such parents may choose to skip that standard pediatric sick visit.
Overall visits to the pediatrician in the United States dropped by 14% between 2008 and 2016. Sick visits were down 24%.
At the same time, well-child visi...
Low birth weight babies stand a better chance of surviving when their mothers hold them close throughout the day, a new study finds.
This technique is called kangaroo care because it mimics how kangaroos shield their babies in their pouch.
In women, it involves holding the newborn tightly to her body with the help of a scarf or harness, during the first month after birth, i...
- Steven Reinberg
- January 20, 2020
- Full Page
The effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in newborns with HIV is similar whether it begins within days or within weeks, a new study finds.
It included 73 infants in South Africa who were born with HIV infection. Of those, 46 started ART when they were less than 2 days old and 27 started ART between 2 and 14 days after birth.
Rates of attaining and sustaining HIV su...
When you have a baby, it seems like you visit the doctor all the time for checks on weight and length and to get needed vaccinations. But are you as aware of the guidelines regarding hearing checks for your little one?
Following them is extremely important to his or her development, especially if a problem is found. Hearing loss is the most common congenital condition in the United S...
Decades-banned pesticides apparently continue to interfere with fetal growth during U.S. pregnancies, a new study reports.
DDT was banned in 1972 in the United States, but low levels of it and other organic chemical pollutants can still be found in the blood of pregnant American women, researchers reported online Dec. 30 in JAMA Pediatrics.
Women carrying even low levels ...
- Dennis Thompson
- December 30, 2019
- Full Page
You might just want to throw Fido a few extra bones for the holidays, as new research suggests that growing up with a dog may lower schizophrenia risk by as much as 24%.
Unfortunately, cat lovers are out of luck. No similar link was seen with respect to feline ownership.
"We found that a history of having had a pet dog present at birth or before age 3 was associated wit...
New research suggests that a baby's age may offer clues to sudden unexplained infant death (SUID) -- formerly known as SIDS.
The study identified two unique groups of babies who died from SUID -- one who died within a week of birth, and another who died later on.
"SUID is a term that encompasses SIDS, unknown causes of death and accidental suffocation in bed." explained st...
Giving HIV-suppressing medications to infected babies within hours of birth is feasible and might help doctors eliminate hidden reservoirs of the virus, new research suggests.
"Strategies to test and treat infants immediately after birth may improve outcomes," said study senior author Dr. Mathias Lichterfeld. He's an associate physician of infectious diseases at Brigham and Women's H...
- Robert Preidt
- November 27, 2019
- Full Page
Squeezing the last drops of blood from the umbilical cord has been touted to help preterm babies get more of the nutrients they need, but it may be dangerous, a new study finds.
When umbilical cord blood is forced into the baby's abdomen, the pressure can cause tiny blood vessels in the brain to rupture. This is especially dangerous for the most preterm infants, the researchers said...
- Steven Reinberg
- November 19, 2019
- Full Page
Bad eating habits begin at a young age in American children, a new study finds.
Researchers analyzed data from more than 1,200 babies (aged 6 to 11 months) and toddlers (12 to 23 months) between 2011 and 2016.
They found that 61% of babies and 98% of toddlers consumed added sugars in their typical daily diet, mainly in flavored yogurt and fruit drinks.
- Robert Preidt
- November 15, 2019
- Full Page
The gut microbiome of premature infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) may hinder their future growth, new research shows.
The study included 78 infants who weighed less than 3 pounds at birth. Their stool samples were tested weekly for their first six weeks in the NICU, and the results showed that all of the infants had an extremely abnormal gut microbiome, a condition call...
Immediate skin-to-skin contact between newborns and their mothers is encouraged, but poses some potential risks in cases of cesarean birth, researchers say.
In a new report, the researchers described two cases where newly delivered babies came into contact with electrodes on the mothers' skin that were used to monitor her vital signs during C-section surgery.
The cases were ...
Parents of babies with type 1 diabetes have to prick their child's skin multiple times a day to check their blood sugar. But researchers may have developed a much easier way to check -- a sugar-sensing pacifier.
While baby sucks on the pacifier, it collects saliva, tests the sugar (glucose) levels and wirelessly sends results to a receiver that a parent/caregiver can see.
"Informal" sharing of breast milk may be more common than thought, with too many parents mistakenly thinking it's risk-free, new research suggests.
In a pair of studies, researchers delved into the issue of donor breast milk, and how parents are choosing to get it. In one, a survey of 655 parents who used donor milk found that only about 36% got it from official "milk banks" that ...
Many U.S. parents are not heeding recommendations on how to put their babies to sleep safely, a new government study finds.
Most babies are being placed on their backs to sleep -- one of the key ways to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), the study found.
But relatively few parents are following some other recommendations: Less than one-third said they o...
About two-thirds of pregnant women in the United States don't get vaccinated against both flu and whooping cough, putting them and their newborns at risk, a new report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says.
"Influenza and pertussis (or whooping cough) are serious infections that can be deadly for babies, especially those who are too young to be vaccinated direc...
Experts agree that the first three years of a baby's life are a unique time of fast development.
Even though a newborn seems helpless, he or she is learning every minute, absorbing information through all five senses. That's why babies will try to put everything possible in their mouths. It's a way of understanding as well as exploring.
Baby also learns from repeated experie...
Four of America's biggest health organizations are banding together to urge parents to better monitor the drinks their young kids sip each day.
The take-home message from the new "Healthy Drinks, Healthy Kids" guidelines: Cut down on sugary sodas, juices and the like, and favor breast milk or cow's milk for youngsters instead of trendy plant-based milks.
"As a pediatrician,...
- E.J. Mundell
- September 18, 2019
- Full Page
Trying to calm a cranky baby can be stressful for parents, but the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has an important caution about what not to do.
Don't place baby in a so-called "sleep positioner," "nest" or "anti-roll" device, because of the suffocation risk. Babies have died after rolling from side to tummy and being unable to breathe. While some of these devices had been cleared...
Whenever a healthy infant dies suddenly, that death should be investigated to determine if abuse or neglect was the cause.
So claims a new report from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the National Association of Medical Examiners.
In 2019, infants younger than 1 year accounted for nearly half of 1,750 child maltreatment deaths in the United States. However, the N...
Using a rich moisturizer, even an inexpensive one like petroleum jelly, is one part of keeping eczema under control. Now researchers have found that this skin care step can keep many newborns at risk for the condition from developing it.
Eczema, or atopic dermatitis, is the most common inflammatory skin condition among children. With eczema, the skin's natural barrier isn't working co...
Every parent remembers the first time they bathed their newborn, terrified they might accidentally drop or harm their tiny bundle of joy.
But one dermatologist says the task is easy if parents follow some basic steps.
"While it may seem intimidating at first, bathing your baby is simple and only needs to happen two to three times a week, as long as the diaper area is thoroug...
Preemies often lag behind full-term babies in getting routine vaccinations -- and the difference remains at age 3, a new study finds.
Misguided parental "hesitancy" over the safety of vaccines for preemies might be to blame, researchers said.
The study found that preterm babies were less likely to be up-to-date on seven recommended vaccines by 19 months of age. More than hal...
Women who keep moving during pregnancy may have infants with more advanced motor skills, a small study suggests.
Researchers discovered the difference among 1-month-olds: Those whose moms got regular aerobic exercise during pregnancy tended to have stronger movement skills, versus babies whose mothers did not.
The movement tests included things like head turning, said resear...
It's happened again: A seemingly loving parent forgets a small child -- in this case two children -- in the back seat of a car on a hot day, with tragic results.
Juan Rodriguez, 39, who lives in Rockland County, N.Y., is out on bail after being charged with manslaughter in the deaths of his 1-year-old twins, Luna and Phoenix.
As reported by The New York Times, Rodrigu...
Many studies have uncovered racial gaps in health care in the United States, but now a new review confirms that the disparity begins at birth.
The review, of 41 studies, found that infants born to minority women typically received poorer care in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) compared with white newborns.
The finding was often related to lower-quality care in hospit...
In an average year, close to 70,000 children under age 5 go to the emergency department because of injuries from common nursery items, according to the journal Pediatrics. About 90% of these injuries happen at home, so prevention starts there.
One reason young children are more prone to injury is that they have disproportionately large heads, which raises their center of gr...
Too many American newborns may be undergoing unnecessary tongue and lip surgeries to improve their ability to breastfeed, a new study finds.
These minor "tether release" or frenotomy surgeries involve a snip, using either sterile scissors or a laser, to loosen the frenulum. That's the thin band of tissue that connects a baby's tongue to the bottom of the mouth, or the upper lip to the...
Doctors at the Cleveland Clinic announced that they've achieved a first in North America: delivering a baby from a uterus that had been transplanted from a deceased donor.
The healthy baby girl was delivered by C-section in June. This is only the second time such a delivery has happened worldwide, the first having occurred in Brazil in December.
"We couldn't have asked for a...