A daily baby aspirin helped first-time mothers lower their chances of delivering too soon in a new clinical trial, though it's not clear the practice should become routine everywhere.
The trial, which was run in six lower-income countries, found that giving first-time mothers a daily low-dose aspirin reduced their risk of preterm birth by 11%. Their chances of a very early delive...
Squeezing the last drops of blood from the umbilical cord has been touted to help preterm babies get more of the nutrients they need, but it may be dangerous, a new study finds.
When umbilical cord blood is forced into the baby's abdomen, the pressure can cause tiny blood vessels in the brain to rupture. This is especially dangerous for the most preterm infants, the researchers said...
The gut microbiome of premature infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) may hinder their future growth, new research shows.
The study included 78 infants who weighed less than 3 pounds at birth. Their stool samples were tested weekly for their first six weeks in the NICU, and the results showed that all of the infants had an extremely abnormal gut microbiome, a condition call...
Physical and mental stress during pregnancy may influence the baby's sex, and physical stress may increase the risk of preterm birth, a new study suggests.
Researchers assessed 187 healthy pregnant women between 18 and 45 years of age. About 17% were mentally stressed, with high levels of depression, anxiety and perceived stress. Sixteen percent were physically stressed, with high...
Exposure to higher levels of air pollution in a second pregnancy than in a first may increase the risk of preterm birth, a new study says.
U.S. National Institutes of Health researchers analyzed data from more than 50,000 women who gave birth in 20 hospitals in Utah between 2002 and 2010, as well as data on airborne pollutants the women were exposed to during pregnancy.
Preemie babies face a host of potential lifelong health problems, but a new analysis suggests the cards of love might also be stacked against them.
Previous studies have found that premature babies -- especially the tiniest ones -- face some long-term difficulties. The issues go beyond physical health: As preemies get older they tend to lag behind their peers in school and, later, pr...
More than 20 million babies are born across the globe weighing far less than they should, and the problem isn't limited to low-income countries, new research shows.
In 2015, nearly three-quarters of infants with low birth weight (less than 5.5 pounds) were born in Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. But low birth weights persist in high-income countries in Europe, North America, A...
Shhhhh. Preterm infants can benefit from quiet times in hospital neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), a new study says.
High noise levels are known to harm health, and infants in NICUs are especially vulnerable, so some NICUs have created quiet times to limit potentially dangerous noise levels, according to the Acoustical Society of America.
Quitting smoking during pregnancy reduces the risk of delivering preterm. And the earlier you stop, the better, a new study finds.
"Pregnancy can be a stressful time in a woman's life. And women who smoked prior to pregnancy may turn to smoking or continue to smoke as a way to mitigate this stress," lead author Samir Soneji said in a Dartmouth College news release.
For women who use in vitro fertilization to get pregnant, particularly those who find success with frozen embryo transfers, recent studies have found they have an increased risk of preeclampsia, a pregnancy complication and serious blood pressure condition.
Now, academic researchers may have uncovered why.
"Many have reported this higher incidence of preeclampsia in those...
Pregnant women who get a flu shot protect not only themselves, but also their developing baby, health officials report.
When a mom-to-be gets the flu, she can be so sick she needs to be admitted to a hospital's intensive care unit. And new research finds her baby then runs the risk of being born preterm, underweight and with a low "Apgar score" -- a gauge of an infant's overall heal...
Head-size measurements can help screen for long-term IQ problems in very premature or very low birth weight babies, researchers say.
"Measuring head circumference and thus head growth in early childhood is a proxy measure of brain volume growth in early childhood," said study senior author Dieter Wolke, of the University of Warwick in England.
More and more pregnant or breastfeeding women are using marijuana, and U.S. pediatricians are pushing back against the notion that the drug is "safe."
There's evidence that exposure to marijuana compounds might harm the fetus, and these compounds might also find their way into breast milk, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) says in a new report.
The number of pregnant women addicted to opioids as they give birth has more than quadrupled since 1999, a disturbing new report shows.
In 2014, for every 1,000 hospital deliveries, 6.5 were mothers who arrived at the hospital with opioid use disorder, up from 1.5 per 1,000 in 1999, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention researchers found.
If you love fish and you're pregnant, new research suggests eating lots of it might help you avoid delivering your baby too soon.
The researchers found that women who had the lowest levels of fatty acids from fish during their first and second trimester were 10 times more likely to have a preterm birth than women who had the highest levels of those fatty acids.
Taking vitamin D supplements does not reduce the risk of pregnancy-related high blood pressure or pre-eclampsia, a new study finds.
High blood pressure that develops during pregnancy is called gestational hypertension. Pre-eclampsia is the development of high blood pressure and elevated protein in urine during pregnancy. It can cause stroke, seizure, premature separation of the placen...
The soothing sound of their mother's voice may help improve sleep for babies in hospital neonatal intensive care units, researchers say.
This section of the hospital, called the NICU, provides around-the-clock care to sick or premature babies. But the hospital environment can hinder newborns' ability to have normal sleep, said study lead author Dr. Renee Shellhaas.
Higher weight gain during pregnancy increases the risk of preeclampsia in women giving birth for the first time, new research shows.
The study explored how weight affects preeclampsia, a serious pregnancy condition related to gestational high blood pressure. Ten million women around the world develop preeclampsia each year, resulting in the death of 76,000 pregnant women and an estim...
Researchers have developed a blood test that can predict a pregnant woman's risk of preterm delivery with up to 80 percent accuracy.
The test is not ready for prime time, stressed senior researcher Stephen Quake, a professor at Stanford University in California. It still has to be validated in larger studies of more diverse groups of women, he said.
Babies born prematurely or very small may not fare as well in life as those born full-term, a new research review suggests.
Adults who were born tiny or early may be more likely to lag behind educationally and professionally. They're also more likely to use social services, according to the review of 23 prior studies from eight countries.
American soldiers who have babies after a recent deployment are at increased risk of preterm birth, a new study suggests.
The finding comes from the analysis of data on nearly 12,900 births to U.S. soldiers from 2011 to 2014. Overall, just over 6 percent of the births were premature -- three or more weeks early. That rate is lower than in the general population.
As if preemies didn't face enough struggles, a new study finds they have more difficulty making friends, though things improve once they start school.
"Having friends, playing with them and being accepted is important for social support and personal well-being," said study leader Dieter Wolke. He's a psychology professor at the University of Warwick in England.